Any one that willfully refuses to supply testimony or paperwork subpoenaed by Congress, together with committees of the Home, is doubtlessly answerable for contempt of Congress below 2 U.S.C. §§ 192, 194. Contempt of Congress is against the law that will end in a tremendous and between one and twelve months imprisonment.
Contempt of Congress begins with a “formal motion” by the Choose Committee, i.e., a enterprise assembly at which a contempt report is adopted. If a witness fails to seem, produce paperwork, or refuses to reply any query “pertinent to the query below inquiry,” the Choose Committee then writes a report documenting the inquiry, the makes an attempt to accommodate the witness’s manufacturing or testimony, and the failure by the witness to seem, produce, or reply a pertinent query. The report additionally comprises the textual content of the decision recommending the complete Home maintain the witness in contempt.
After the Choose Committee has adopted a contempt report, it’s referred to the Home for a vote and, upon its adoption, the Speaker certifies the report back to the US Legal professional for the District of Columbia. Beneath 2 U.S.C. § 194, following such certification it’s the “obligation” of the US Legal professional to “carry the matter earlier than the grand jury for its motion.”