THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — Iran instructed the United Nation’s highest courtroom on Monday that Washington’s confiscation of some $2 billion in property from Iranian state financial institution accounts to compensate bombing victims was an try and destabilize the Iranian authorities and a violation of worldwide regulation.
In 2016, Tehran filed a swimsuit on the Worldwide Court docket of Justice after the U.S. Supreme Court docket dominated cash held in Iran’s central financial institution might be used to compensate the 241 victims of a 1983 bombing of a U.S. navy base in Lebanon believed linked to Iran.
Hearings within the case opened Monday within the Hague-based courtroom, beginning with Iran’s arguments. The proceedings will proceed with opening statements by Washington on Wednesday.
At stake are $1.75 billion in bonds, plus accrued curiosity, belonging to the Iranian state however held in a Citibank account in New York.
In 1983, a suicide bomber in a truck loaded with military-grade explosives attacked U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, killing 241 American troops and 58 French troopers.
Whereas Iran lengthy has denied being concerned, a U.S. District Court docket decide discovered Tehran accountable in 2003. That ruling mentioned Iran’s ambassador to Syria on the time known as “a member of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard and instructed him to instigate the Marine barracks bombing.”
The worldwide courtroom dominated it had jurisdiction to listen to the case in 2019, rejecting an argument from the U.S. that its nationwide safety pursuits outdated the 1955 Treaty of Amity, which promised friendship and cooperation between the 2 nations.
“The liberty of navigation and commerce assured by the treaty have been gravely breached,” Tavakol Habibzadeh, head of worldwide authorized affairs for Iran, instructed the 14-judge panel Monday.
A 2012 U.S. regulation ordered the financial institution at hand over the property to the households of these killed within the Beirut bombing. A U.S. courtroom concluded the assault, which struck barracks for service members conducting peacekeeping operations throughout Lebanon’s civil warfare, was carried out by Iranian brokers supported by the Hezbollah militant group.
Iran claims it was not concerned within the assault. Habibzadeh mentioned Monday that the united stateshas created an “trade of litigation” towards Iran and Iranian corporations in an effort to undermine the regime. The seizure was only one maneuver “aiming to destabilize Iran and the Iranian authorities,” Habibzadeh mentioned.
The 2 nations have had no diplomatic relations for the reason that 1979 U.S. Embassy takeover by militant college students in Tehran.
The pair have a second case pending earlier than the ICJ over the identical obscure treaty. Tehran filed an unrelated criticism with the courtroom in 2018 after former president Donald Trump re-imposed sanctions towards Iran over its nuclear program. In response, the U.S. withdrew from the treaty completely.
The hearings come as Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi headed on Monday to New York, the place he will likely be talking to the U.N. Basic Meeting later this week.
Talks between Iran and world powers over reviving a 2015 deal to curb Iran’s nuclear actions stay stalled. Tehran and Washington have traded written responses in current months on a roadmap that may see sanctions lifted towards Iran in trade for proscribing its quickly advancing nuclear program.